Eng. African Grey Parrot
Comon names: congo african grey parrot, gray parrot
Lat. Psittacus Erithacus Erithacus
ORIGIN: West Kenia, Angola from the north to the south, South Congo, Northeastern
Tanzania, the islands Fernando Poo and Principe. Isolated colonies
can be found on the mountain Kilimanjaro in Tanzania.
PHYSICAL APPEARENCE: Their most common color is ash-grey
with white edgings which are most distinctive on the head. In some
examples, the dominant color is dark grey, which could be connected
with the place where the population settles. African grey parrots are also very
rare white, albino, birds that lack pigment. In certain examples,
red feathers on the greater part of the body occur. African grey parrots used to
be called "fiery birds"by the natives who would esteem
them dearly. The tail is short and blunt, which is the characteristic
for most of the African grey parrots. Tail is 8-9.5 cm (3-4 in) in length
with an intense red color. The wing length is 23-25 cm (9-10 in).
The spreading on the greater part of the tail and the wings are
a steady darker grey color. They have a short, strong black bill.
The nostrils are small. The head profile is rounded. The iris are
light-yellow,and the part around the eyes is not covered with feathers,
it is a rounded shape. Their feet color is dark-grey with black
nails. Their sex is not easily distinguishable and therefore difficult
The young birds have darker
feathers and darker eyes. The population that settles in Nigeria
has a distinctive darker color of the wing, whereas the birds from
the Congo area are identifiable by their size. They are 33 cm (12
in) in size. There is one more subspecies of grey parrots called
Psittacu erythacus timneh which are 30 cm (12 in) and they have
darker feathers. The tail color of this subspecies is dark red-brown.
This subspecies settles in the northern areas of Africa. You can also check our amazing african grey parrot pictures.
KEEPING AND CARE: The Grey Parrot, regardless of the subspecies that it belongs
to, must be distinguished from all other parrots when it comes to
human speech imitation. They have the ability to logically connect
phrases by pronouncing them at the right time. Exemples of greys talk check at our cool grey parrot videos. They can pronounce
phrases like "Good morning"or "Good night" at
the appropriate time. As pets, they should be kept separately so
taming is much easier. It is not suprising that the birds kept in
pairs are also tame. In shelters, these parrots forget their natural
way of producing sounds and are capable of imitating various tunes
or melodies of whistling. There are cases where the birds are never
totally tame despite the fact that they learned to pronounce a number
of words very easily. The cage where the Grey Parrot is kept has
to be spacious enough and has to have thicker wires. The door of
the cage has to be secure as they can learn to open it by themselves
very easily. They love bathing. It is recommended to splash them
with the water of mild temperatures once or twice a week. In this
way, the feathers stay healthy and hold close to the body.
DIET: The main diet consists of speckled (protein) sunflower with the
supplements of shelled oats, sorghum, hemp, peanuts, buckweat and
pine seeds. The seeds of walnut and hazel-nuts in certain amounts
(because of the high percentage of oil) could be given as sweets.
Minerals and vitamins should be included as well as fruits and vegetables.
The natural protein nutrition can be supplied with a small piece
of boiled veal or chicken bone (the marrow is rich with proteins).
BREEDING AFRICAN GREY PARROT: In nature, they live in big flocks, at the top of
the trees. They are always searching for seeds and fruits. During
breeding season, pairs are separated when searching for appropriate
holes in a tree. In captivity, the nest has to be at least 60 cm
(24 in) deep, 30 cm (12 in) wide and 12-15 cm (5-6 in) long. The
nest should be filled with small twigs or with large wood chips.
A female clutches 2-4 white eggs. Incubation lasts 26 days. When
the younglings are hatched, one must depart from the common nutrition
and add food enriched with protein, such as eggs and ready-made
protein supplements for the young birds. In shelters, cannibalism
is very common.The reason lies in the fact that it is necessary to
check on the condition of the birds every few days, even more often
in the early stages. All pairs are not necessarily good parents;
therefore, in some cases, the younglings must be fed by hand. Such
birds are tamer and their socialization is easier. The ability to
imitate speech is individual.
The younglings leave the nest after 11 weeks, and become independent
2-3 weeks after leaving the nest. Aviaries have to be spacious,
with a lot of thick branches so while nibbling the birds can also
sharpen their bill. It is recommended that aviaries consist of two
parts, an outer and an inner closed part. These parrots cannot stand
low temperatures and in closed areas the temperature should not
reach below 5C (41F).
AFRICAN GREY PARROT INTERESTING
FACTS: They are capable of imitating a number of words and
pronouncing them with understanding.
They are characterized by their great intelligence.
Very often they imitate the sounds of the person of whom they are
Upper picture shows african grey parrots as pet. I met a lot of people who says for their "grey birds" they would never sold them for any money, never.
They produce sounds in order to attract the attent of the person of whom they are most attached. You can listen african grey parrot sound here. When speaking in the
presence of strangers, they turn their back as if they are uninterested.
They have a good memory and if they are mistreated they can be very
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